Section TRIG Trigonometric Functions

    8    The Algebra of Functions
    8.1         Composition
    8.2         Roots - Estimation with Linearity

Introduction: All the functions that are studied can be combined with either arithmetic operations or composition using a finite or limiting process. The main class of functions that result from using a finite number of these processes applied to a list of core functions were characterized as elementary functions by Euler. These include the rational functions, the rational power functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and the trigonometric functions with their inverses.

This section will provide examples, explanations, exercises and problems that will help students use the power of the mapping diagram  along with the three other tools (equations, tables , and graphs) to understand some of the more common  elementary functions that involve the interactions of some different types of core functions sometimes encountered in precalculus and calculus courses.

TRIG.TRIGI Trigonometric Functions are Important. (Not Yet Done)

The following example presents the sine function $\sin(x)$ and the cosine function $\cos(x)$ with a table of data, a graph and a mapping diagram for each. 
Example TRIG.0
The First Trigonometric Functions Example [Graphs and Mapping Diagrams].

Definition TRIG.DEF : Trigonometric Function Definitions

Definition TRIG.INV: Inverse Trigonometric Function Definitions

Treatment of trigonometric functions and their graphical interpretation are familiar. [See :trigonometric_function]
They appear in every textbook that deals with trigonometry and preparation for calculus. What is missing is a balanced treatment using mapping diagrams to reinforce the function aspect of visualization.  That will be emphasis of this section. 

Comparisons will be made when appropriate to graphs- but we will develop the basic concepts for trigonometric functions with mapping diagrams. The end of this section includes some powerful and different ways to think about trigonometric functions and the ways they are represented algebraically.

Subsection TRIG.MA:  Measurement of Angles

Subsection TRIG.CTRIG Core Trigonometric Functions
( especially sine, cosine, tangent)

Subsection TRIG.OTF  Other Trigonometric Functions
(secant, cosecant, cotangent)

Subsection TRIG.PB Periodic Behavior for Trigonometric Functions

Subsection TRIG.ID Increasing/Decreasing for Trigonometric Functions

Subsection TRIG.LCOMP  Linear Composition with Core Trigonometric Functions

Subsection TRIG.SYM Symmetry of Trigonometric Functions

Subsection TRIG.INV Inverses for Trigonometric Functions

Subsection TRIG.SEq Solving Trigonometric Equations

Subsection TRIG.APP Trigonometric Function Applications-Identities and Triangle Trigonometry.  (Not Yet Done)

X.TRIG Exercises (Not Yet Done)