(sometimes with hints, etc.)

Last updated:4-8-2014 (Work in Progress)

Watch for the DUE DATES.

1Darts! ** Due ****Thursday 2-13-2014**

2.Model contexts**Due****: ****Tuesday 2-25-2014**

3.What polynomial? Fitting Curves Due:**Friday, March 28**, 2014

4.Follow up and Some extreme problems Due**Friday April 18, 2014**

5. An initial value problem and trigonometry Due TBA

7. Tangents to the graph of the Sine.TBA

8 Problem on Differential Equations and Finding Areas with the Definite Integral estimation Due TBA

2.Model contexts

3.What polynomial? Fitting Curves Due:

4.Follow up and Some extreme problems Due

5. An initial value problem and trigonometry Due TBA

7. Tangents to the graph of the Sine.TBA

8 Problem on Differential Equations and Finding Areas with the Definite Integral estimation Due TBA

**Darts!****Due****Thursday 2-13-2014**-
*If we have any two regions on the board of equal area then the dart would land in those regions about the same number of times with a large number of throws.* **Model contexts**. Due:**Tuesday 2-25-2014**-
**What polynomial?**Due**Friday, March 28**, 2014A. Suppose f(

*x*) =*x*^{3 }+ B*x*^{2 }+2*x*+ A.

Find A and B so that f(0) = 1 and f '(1) = 7.B.Let P(t) = K + Lt + Mt

^{2 }.

Find the coefficients K, L, and M so that P'(t) + P(t) = t^{2 }+ t + 1 for all t.

Hint: Consider the equation when t = 0, t = 1 and t = -1.

**Making Curves Fit together Smoothly.**

One way to make a curve that passes through several points and looks smooth is to draw several curves that are defined by a small number of points and make sure that when the curves are joined together they have the same tangent lines, making the connections appear smooth.

C. Use curves defined by**two quadratic poylnomial functions**to make a single smooth curve that passes through the four points, (-1,0), (0,0), (1,-2) and (2,0) as in the figure.

Discuss briefly the strategy you used to find your solution.Let P(

Suggestion:*x*) = A*x*^{2}+ B*x+*C and Q(*x*) = D*x*^{2}+ E*x+*F. Have the pair of curves meet at (0,0).

D. Find a second pair of quadratic polynomials which can be used to make a single smooth curve that passes through the same four points. [Hint: Have the pair of curves meet at (1,-2).]

E. Find a single cubic polynomial that passes through the same four points. [Hint: What are the linear factors of such a polynomial?]

- Due
Due
**Friday April 18, 2014**

A.Follow up from POW #3. Find a cubic and a quadratic polynomial that can be used to make a single smooth curve that passes through the**five points (-2,0), (-1,0), (0,0), (1,-2) and (2,0)**.B. Fly-by-night Airlines has just announced a special summer charter flight fare for H.S.U. students from Arcata to Hawaii and return. A minimum of 80 students must sign up for each flight at a round trip fare of $210.00 per person. However, the airline has offered to reduce each student's fare by $1.00 for each additional student who joins the flight. Under these arrangements, what number of passengers will provide the airline with the greatest revenue per flight? Use calculus to justify your result.What kind of assumptions have you made about the functions you used in solving this problem?

C. Suppose you are given four constants A, B, C, and D.

Let g(x) = (x - A)^{2}+ (x - B)^{2}+ (x - C)^{2}+ (x - D)^{2}. Using calculus, for what value(s) of x does g(x) assume a minimum value? Justify your answer briefly.

Generalize your result (if possible) for 1000 constants.

- Due: Due TBA : An Initial Value Problem related to the Tangent
Function.

Assume P(

*x*) is a solution to the differential equation**P'(***x*) = 1/(1+*x*^{ }^{2}) with P(0) = 0.

B. Estimate P(1) using Euler's method with n = 10.

C. Let Q(*x*) = P(tan(*x*)). Use the chain rule and trigonometry to show that

Q'(x) = 1 for all x where -pi /2 < x < pi /2 .

D.Use C to explain why Q(x) = x for -pi /2 < x < pi /2 .[ Why is Q(0)= 0?]

E. Explain why P(1) = Q(pi/4) = pi /4.

**Tangents to the graph of the sine.**

A. Prove:*If*a = tan(a),*then***the line**tangent to the graph of y=sin(x) at the point (a,sin(a))**passes through the origin. [Warning:Do not assume a=0.]**

B. Prove:tangent to the graph of y = sin (x) at the point (a, sin(a))*If*the line**passes through the origin**,*then*a = tan(a).

**George and Martha's Drive. [A Thinking Problem.]**Imagine a road where the speed limit is specified at every single point, i.e.,**there is a function L where the speed limit at x kilometers from the beginning of the road is L(x) km/hr.**George and Martha are driving their cars along this road.*George's car is at a point G(t) at time t while at the same time t Martha's car is M(t) kilometers from the beginning of the road.*

i. Draw a picture that illustrates the situation as described so far labelling points on the picture with the appropriate function values.

ii. Write an equation that expresses the statement that George always travels at the speed limit. [NOTE: The answer is not G'(t)= L(t).]

iii. Suppose that George always travels at the speed limit and that Martha's position at time t is George's position at time (t+5). Use the chain rule to show that Martha is always going at the speed limit.

(a) If the board is divided into two regions by a concentric circle of radius 30 and I repeat the experiment a large number of times, what proportion of markings from the experiment is likely to lie in the inner region? See Figure 1.

(b) If the board is divided into four regions by concentric circles of radius 15, 30, and 45 cm and I repeat the experiment a large number of times, what proportion of the markings from the experiments is likely to lie in each of the regions?

(c) What proportion of the markings from repeating the experiment is likely for the dart to fall within A cms of the center

where 0<A<60? See Figure 2.

(d) If the board is divided into n regions by concentric circles of radius k * 60/n cms with k = 1,2 ... n-1, and I repeat the experiment a large number of times, what proportion of the markings from the experiments is likely in each of the regions?

We allow a player to throw a dart 36 times and find the total
score for the player as well as the average score (the total
divided by 36).

Notice the average will be a number between 5 and 55.

Give a total score and an average that are likely for a player
with no special skill. Discuss your reasoning and show the work
leading to your proposed solution.

[These numbers are described as
the expected score and the expected average for the game.]

**Suggestion:** You might investigate the similar problem
with 2 regions and 4 throws and then 4 regions and 16 throws as
a way to begin thinking about the problem. How many darts do you
think would fall in each region?

**Extension: **(Optional) If we measure the distance each
of the 36 darts fall from the center, what do you think the
average distance would be for a player with no special
skills. Explain your reasoning, any connections with the
expected average score in the game, and whether you have any
belief about the accuracy of your response. (Is it an
underestimate or an overestimate?)

For example, the context of a *marsh land environment* is
familiar to many residents of Arcata. Suppose that water is
flowing from a stream into a marsh for 5 hours at 30,000 cubic
feet per hour. What change might be expected in the amount of
water in the marsh and in the height of the water along an
embankment at the end of the five hours. It should seem
reasonable to you that after five hours the marsh will contain
an additional 150,000 cubic feet of water. We need more
information about the shape of the marsh to determine the change
in the height along the embankment. In particular we would need
more information about the surface area of the marsh and the
grade (steepness) of the embankment. We would also want to know
how fast the water is flowing out of the marsh.

**Describe a context in a similar fashion related to the
following three settings. Indicate some of the important
variables and rates that would be of interest for this
context. Discuss how knowing these rates can be used to
determine other information related to the original variables.**

1.* Automobile and truck traffic* on Highway 101 or at a
major traffic intersection.

2. *A flu epidemic* in a population of school children.
(Consider Susceptible, Infected, and Recovered members of the
population.)

3. *A college class room*. (You might consider such
variables as number of people present, temperature, or level of
sound.)

**Extension or Substitute for one of the above**: Describe a
context related to a setting connected to your major or
some personal interest.