Thursday February 2
Geometric Puzzle Foundations
More Puzzles and Polygons
- Tangrams. More
- Tangrams – Use
all seven Chinese puzzle pieces to make shapes
and solve problems.
- Tangram Activity
Use templates to cut out pieces
from larger (blue) sheets. [#Partners=3.]
- Measuring angles, lengths and areas.
: add to 180 degrees- straight angle [Illustrate physically and with wingeometry]
- Squares, rectangles : 90 degree/ right
- parallelograms: opposite angles are congruent,
sum of consecutive angles =180 degrees
- Dissections, cut and paste methods of measurement.
- Cutting and reassembling polygons.
"Square Me" Puzzle
- The triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, and hexagon.
More on measurements of angles of polygons with n sides. .
When n = 3 this is a triangle, n=4, a quadrilateral, or
when n= 5, a pentagon.
The sum of the measures of the
interior angles of a triangle is 180 degrees.
What about a quadrilateral? and a pentagon?
or an n sided polygon ( an "n -gon")?
- A quadrilateral can be made from two triangles...
so the sum of its interior angles is 2 * 180 = 360.
- A pentagon can be made from 3 triangles...
so the sum of its interior angles is 3* 180 = 540. If the pentagon has
all angles congruent( of equal measurement) then each angle will be 540/5
= 108 degrees!
- A hexagon can be made from 4 triangles...
so the sum of its interior angles is 4* 180 = 720. If the hexagon has all
angles congruent( of equal measurement) then each angle will be 720/6 =
From the figures we saw that for a quadrilateral (n =4), which can be dissected
into two triangles, the sum is 2*180= 360 degrees.
And for a pentagon (n=5)
which can be dissected into 3 triangles, the sum is 3*180=540 degrees.
|# of sides
|# of Triangles
| Sum of Interior <‘s
| If equal, Measure of a single <
In general: the sum
of the interior angles in a n sided polygon
(n-2) *180 degrees.
A regular polygon
is a polygon where the sides are all of equal length
and the angles are all congruent (or of equal measure).
Question: what is the measure of an individual
angle in a regular polygon with n sides?
For a triangle, the individual angle is 180/3
= 60 degrees.
For a square, the individual angle is 360/4=90
For a regular pentagon.... 3*180/5 = 540/5
Now for a HEXAGON (6 sides) the sum of the angles
is 720 degrees.
So ... for a REGULAR HEXAGON,
the individual angle is 4*180/6 =720/6 =120 degrees.
In general: The individual
angle for a regular polygon with n sides is (n-2)*180/n degrees.
This can be expressed in other ways using algebra:
(n-2)*180/n = [180 n - 360] / n = 180 - 360/n.
|name of polygon
|degrees of the interior
measure of each angle
|360 degrees divided
by # in Column 2
|| 360 / 3 = 120
|360/8 = 45
Cutting and reassembling polygons.
Convex: Any two points in the figure
have a line segment connecting them. If that line segment is always inside the figure, then the figure
is called "convex".
Making Dissection Puzzles [more links] :
Dissection of the plane--- Tilings
of the plane:
- Activity: Tile plane with playing cards.
- FAPP watch Video: Possible tiles and tilings.
- One Regular Convex Polygon.
- Two or more Regular Convex Polygons.
- Other Polygon Tilings.
- Non polygonal tilings.
- One polygonal Tile: Quadrilateral Activity.
An on-line tool for making tilings of the plane
- Regular and semiregular Tilings of the plane. Some explorations - classification.
- A tiling is a regular tiling if (i)it has a single tile shape that
is a regular polygon and (ii) the vertices and edges of the tiles coincide
(no overlapping edges)
- A tiling is a semi-regular tiling if (ii) each tile shape is a regular
polygon, (ii) the vertices and edges of the tiles coincide (no overlapping
edges) and (iii) every vertex has the same polygon types arranged around
- Wingeometry download!
and demonstrate tesselations.
- Naming tilings
- The numbers represent the number of sides in the poygons.
- The order indcates the order in which the poygons are arranged about
- Semiregular Tilings: global results!
Look at the results using wingeometry.
- Student lesson
(Math Forum) a place for further explorations on-line.